The new ETIAS Passenger Registration System, without which citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina will no longer be able to travel to Schengen countries, will start operating in January 2021.
ETIAS is designed to improve security in Europe by screening travelers before their arrival in the Schengen Area. The ETIAS process will determine whether a citizen can enter the Schengen Area or not.
To obtain an ETIAS travel authorization, it will be necessary to complete a straightforward online application form. Applicants have to enter their personal details such as their name, date of birth and address, information about their trip, as well as some security questions.
By cross-checking information against various databases, ETIAS will be able to detect if a person is a security threat to any of the Schengen countries.
ETIAS has similar objectives to the well-known American ESTA (Electronic System for Travel Authorization). Both systems provide an added layer of control over visa-exempt foreign citizens.
To successfully apply for an ETIAS visa waiver, it is necessary to have a valid passport, a credit or debit card, and an email account. These are the main ETIAS requirements which each applicant must have. Without the right travel document, the applicant could be denied entry to the Schengen Zone.
The ETIAS for Europe will grant travelers authorization to visit all 26 of the ETIAS countries, which are the nations that make up the Schengen Area. After entering the zone, visitors can move freely between the Schengen countries as there are no hard internal borders.
As things stand, there are 60 countries that will need to apply for an ETIAS travel authorization to visit the Schengen Zone. However, more countries are likely to be added to the scheme in the future.
The ETIAS travel authorization allows for short-term stays of up to 90 days. Tourism and business travellers will be expected to have an approved ETIAS when traveling to any part of the Schengen Area.
Citizens wishing to travel to the Schengen Area to work or study need to apply for a different type of visa, as the ETIAS is for tourism or business purposes. Once approved, an ETIAS travel authorization can be used for three consecutive years or until the passport expires, whichever comes first.