City of Bihac was “Key of Bosnia“ during Ottoman Empire

August 24, 2019 4:00 PM

Settlements on the territory of the present-day town of Bihac have existed since the Palaeolithic, and the toponym Bihac was mentioned for the first time by Hungarian king Bela IV in a charter. It was in 1260.

Strategically very important, this city experienced a real renaissance during the Middle Ages, and especially after the arrival of Ottomans. They considered it as the “key of Bosnia“, and it was the most important fortress of the entire Bosnian pashaluk.

The position and importance of Bihac didn’t get weaker by the arrival of the Astro-Hungarian rule in 1878. The town got a hydro power plant, sewage and water supply as well as the modern, concrete bridge.

Today, Bihac is one of the biggest cities in B&H. Located in the far northwest of the country. It is still the important regional center and an administrative center of the Una Sana Canton.

Many will say that this city is one of the most beautiful in our country, so enjoy this gallery of postcards from the city, that date from the end of 19th and beginning of 20th century.

Bihać municipality occupies area of 900 km2 where approximately 70,000 citizens live. Ever since the ancient times, geographic position and favorable climate conditions have been suitable for settling in this region. Although the research based upon excavations and numerous remains has been done recently, it revealed the presence of men in the Older Stone Age, Late Bronze Age, Late and Early Iron Age. Presence of the Japodes tribe in this area has certainly been proved. The Japodes culture marked Bihać by its extraordinary values and ancient inheritance. It began with the building solutions for the houses on stilts, jewelry made of bronze, iron, silver and the “Japodes horseman”. The archeological findings from many places like Bihać, Golubić, Pritoka and Ripač indicate the specific characteristics of the Illyrian culture in the Japodes area.

The Una River has defined Bihać, the city and municipality for centuries. The waterfalls in Štrbački buk and Martinbrod are widely known. A valley near the Una headwaters, and a valley near the Unac River are announced the National Park in 2008. For all that, the Una River is the favorite destination to local and foreign tourist. Many of them have been coming together here for the Una Regatta for thirty-six summers. They like to enjoy the adventures, company, cultural and other entertaining events

 

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